PESSTO is the "Public ESO Spectroscopic Survey of Transient Objects" using the ESO New Technology Telescope and the EFOSC2 (optical) and SOFI (NIR) spectrographs. It is one of two currently running public spectroscopic surveys at ESO.
The construction of wide-field optical telescopes equipped with digital cameras with fields of view between 5-10 square degrees means that nearly the entire sky could be repeatedly surveyed in less than a month. These synoptic surveys are discovering new classes of transients that challenge our ideas of the physics of the explosions. We are beginning to see a diversity in the transient Universe that very likely depends on the progenitor stellar mass, metallicity, binarity and rotation.
- 90n per year on the NTT: 9 months, 10n per month (we are not observing May-July)
- 4 yrs, with 1 more pending formal review
- Optical and NIR spectra of transients with EFOSC2 + SOFI
- We aim to classify around 2000 supernovae
- Classification target range : r < 20 mag
- We aim to provide 150 supernovae (or unusual optical transients) with full spectroscopic time series coverage (around 10 epochs of spectra)
- Surveys partners are La Silla-Quest, SkyMapper, Pan-STARRS1, CHASE
All raw data are immediately available in the ESO archive and the classification spectra are reduced and available here.
Optical spectra will be in one of three configurations:
- Classification ("C") setting with Grism #13 : 3685-9315A (17.7Å resolution)
- Blue ("B") Setting with Grism #11: 3380-7520A (13Å resolution)
- Red ("R) Setting Grism #16 : 6015-10320A (13Å resolution)
SOFI spectra for selected targets will be taken with the configuration:
- Blue Grism : 0.93-1.67μm
- Red Grism : 1.50-2.50μm
SOFI imaging will also be obtained in JHK for selected targets.